Elements of Design
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The particular wavelength of light seen by the eye when an object reflects or emits light. The four characteristics of colour are hue (name), value (lightness and darkness), intensity (saturation, or amount of pigment), and temperature (warm and cool). See also cool colours; hue; intensity; neutral colours; primary colours; secondary colours; tertiary colours; value; warm colours.
Download Elements and Principles Definitions
Colour in Canadian Art
Let's talk about ART!
Download Questions for Elements of Art
- Did the artist use light or dark colours? (brightness of colours and sources of light )
- What do the colours make you feel? (warm colours- happy or excited, cool colours are calm and serene)
- What colours do your eyes go to first? ( warm colours come forward, cool colours recede )
- What combinations of colours do you see?
- Where are these colours on the colour wheel? (Complimentary, triadic, harmonious colour schemes )
Analysis Questions: The TOP 10
Use questions like these to prompt discussion either whole group, small group or in conference. You can use these questions for a written analysis or an altered version of them to guide students as they work through their own art pieces.
Download Analysis Questions- The Top 10
- What are your initial reactions to this work of art?
- What thoughts, emotions or judgements do this art bring to mind?
- What connections can you make between your own experiences and this artwork?
(Have you seen a similar subject matter in art before?)
- What questions do you have about this work?
- What elements and principles were used by the artist?
- How are the elements and principles organized in this work of art?
- What do you feel are the subject matter and meaning in the work?
- What do you feel the artist was trying to communicate to the viewer?
- How has the artist expressed emotion or ideas in the work?
- Have you changed your mind about this work of art?
Etching a Narrative Scene
The MAIN element of design is COLOUR used for expression (e.g. warm and cool colours). The main principle of design is VARIETY. However, other principles and elements can be discussed depending on the work created by the students (i.e. a student could say he has UNITY as a main principle as well, if his line design is made up of many similar types of line, yet another student may have differing lines within his/her scheme.)
The students will create an etching depicting a scene from a narrative. Students will choose colours to represent the mood emotions they feel the author is trying to express.
Thin cardboard (cereal box, shoe box, etc...)
Black India Ink OR black tempera paint (video uses ink, but tempera paint works equally well)
Thick paintbrush or small foam paintbrush
Etching tool (pen cap, edge of ruler, etc...)
(See expanded lesson plan for specific instructions.)
After reading a story, novel, or viewing a movie, ask students to choose their favourite scene and make a practice sketch of their scene on scrap paper
Students choose 2-4 crayons that best match the mood of their scene. Students colour an entire piece of cardboard using their chosen crayons then, paint over the entire crayon drawing with black ink OR black tempera paint . Students then ETCH their pre-planned drawing into the black.
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Level Four Prompts
To achieve a level four, students could incorporate prior knowledge by using additional techniques that have already been taught OR experimenting with a variety of elements and principles within the basic lesson.
For example, if you are doing the Eric Carle COLOUR lesson with your students they could:
- create a variety of unique textures as the original sheet that is used to make the animal's parts,
- create several animals,
- create a 3-dimensional piece covered with Eric Carle techniques,
- create a small book of their own using this style/technique,
- posterize the project,
- create a similar image on a t-shirt or other unique surface